Sunday, January 31, 2010

Western Turf Wars by Mike Hudak

Click on title above to go to a site where you can view all of the various interviews the author conducted and utilized as the basis for his book.

Click on a speakers name (to the left of screen) choose hi or low resolution and the interview vid will start.

Invaluable info here


High-School Wild Horse Race Rodeo

Click on title above to see what we are teaching our kids.....
raising up a whole new generation of Bebob Cowboy (and Cowgirl) Assholes

Cut and paste the link below into your web browser if you dont know what one of them is....

Shame On Cheyenne

See Cheyenne Rodeos; "Wild Horse Races" and other animal cruelties, as bought to you by the good people of SHARK

Click on title above to see vid

Wild Horse Talk on Equine Journal Blog

Click on title above to go there.....people want to know more. Give it to 'em.

The Center for Public Integrity / Land Use Accountability Project

Click on title above to visit this wonderful site

then check out their blog;

Saturday, January 30, 2010

Saving the Nakota Horse

By Karen Winegar

The campaign to save an endangered western horse began with a horse race, a park ranger, a couple of cowboys , and the living legacy of a famous Indian warrior.

In the late 1970s, brothers Frank and Leo Kuntz of Linton, North Dakota, were producing the Great American Horse Race, "fashioned after races done by the Native Americans, cowboys and calvalry--it's I'll race you from here to that hill and over the crick and back over here," Frank Kuntz explains.

Leo had bought a few wild horses native to Theodore Roosevelt National park, and one night in 1978, when he stopped at a sale barn in Dickinson, North Dakota, he spotted more of the distinctive looking horses in the kill pen--destined for slaughter. He bought them and brought them home.

What he had recued were descendants of the hardy, handy horse of the Plains Indians and cowboys, the breed portrayed in the paintings and sculture of Frederick Remington, the swift, bold horse that carried wariors into the battle of Little Big Horn and sped hunters after the great buffalo herds.

When Lakota Chief Sitting Bull surrendered at Fort Buford, North Dakota, in 1881, about 350 of those horses were confiscated by the U.S. government from his band. Some 250 head went to the Marquis DeMores, a French nobleman who established the town of Medora, North Dakota, now headquarters of Theodore Roosevelt National Park, now headquarters of Theodore Roosevelt National Park. In 1884, the HT Huidekoper Ranch, the earliest large-scale ranch in North Dakota, puchased 60 mares from the Marquis and crossed them with the thoroughbred stallion Lexington, as well as other thoroughbred and Percheron stallions. After the Marquis died in 1896, some of his herd was dispersed. What Leo and Frank Kuntz had found were their descendants, inadvertently enclosed when the national park was fenced in 1950.

The horses are "generally roan, square-built, mulish in the hocks, and their bone is rounder than others--they way Frederic Remington described them," Frank says. "They are very solid, very sound, but what sold Leo and me the most on them is their disposition, which is almost like a dog. They are smart and kind, and they buddy-up so wonderful to their owners."

In 1986, the brothers were at the sale barn bidding on more of the horses when they spotted a woman bidding against them for a group that included a blue roan stallion. The bidder was Castle McLaughlin, then a Columbia University graduate student and seasonal ranger who had worked on the park roundup a week before.

"The park had driven several bands and penned them together and they were all milling badly covered with lood and foam," says McLaughlin. "That stallion had been the dominant stallion in the park, and he fought so desperately and so long, trying to climb the walls. Out of respect for his spirit, I decided I had to save him even if I couldn't save any others."

When she found Frank and Leo were preservationists and not meat buyers, she sent the stallion home with them. The following spring she receved a three-year grant from the National Park Service to sudy the horses, their history, origin, management history, and social organization. Two decades later, many of those years working with the Kuntzes, McLaughlin considers Frank and Leo "two ranch brothers who single-handedly saved this line of horses". For their part, the Kuntzes would probably say, "right back at ya".

Through their combined efforts in blood typing and historical research, McLaughlin and the Kuntz brothers created the Nokota name in 1991 and breed registry. In 1993, the Nokota was designated th North Dakota Honorary State Equine. It now has a documented history and preservation plan through the Nokota Horse Conservancy. Created in 1999, the conservancy now owns 34 Nokota horses. Frank and Leo have 600, the largest herd of Nokotas in the world.

"We realize we can only preserve so many. They have to become a commercially viable product to survive," Frank says. "I will feel comfortable when there are 5,000 to 10,000 Nokotas."

Their goals include securing land sufficient to keep the horses without rotating them through leased pastures as they do now. They also hope to establish a museum showcasing the Native American and coyboy history of the horse in America.

"My dream is also to create a Native American polo team using Nokota horses, and to have a Native American compete in the Olympics on a Nokota," Franks says. "They were once a proud horse culture, and the kids on the reservation need to be riding again."

Meanwhile, the horse of the Old West is also doing well in the East, in part because of a couple from Chester County, Pennsylvania...

Other Nokotas are making their way to New York, Virginia and South Carolina, says Blair, who organized the nonprofit Nokota Horse Conservancy and was a founding board member. And Team Nokota, a volunteer support group of Nokota owners, performs at horse shows and expos.

"Our Nokota cross can trot up to a three-rail fence and pop right over," Blair says. "They really do their jobs, and they are the first to greet you in the field. They are very friendly and clever. Other horses come in from pasture with scars and swellings, but not the Nokotas. They have such hard, sturdy legs. The don't need shoes because they have broad, solid hooves. And they don't require a lot of drugs or pampering."

That hardiness evolved through a century of narrow escapes, persecution, and neglect. Between 1880 and 1970, ranchers and later the National Park Service which rather inexplicably regards the horses as undesirable exotic outsiders, killed or rounded up and sold most of them.

In the late 1970s, research showed that prominent ranchers in the 1880s had written about the presence of wild horses that were integral to the ranch era, prompting the National Park Service to keep a small number as a demonstration historic herd but replacing original wild horses with domestic breeds.

"The park took out all the dominant harem stallions and introduced Arabian, quarter horse, and a part Shire bucking stallion so they could make money at sales where buyers might not want old-fashioned-looking Indian horses," explains McLaughlin, now ethnologist and curator at Harvard's Peablody Museum.

Officially, Nokotas appear in two types. The traditional 14 hand to 15 hand Nokotas resemble the Spanish colonial breeds such as Barbs or Andalusions with large, kind eyes, broad foreheads, and thick manes and tails. They are compact with short backs; delicate heads and ears; large round bones; dropped croups; and strong feet. With heads that are straight or slightly concave in profile, they possess keeen intelligence and a clam, curious disposition. The Ranch type is larger boned, standing 15 to 17 hand. It served as the classic ranch horse from the 1880s to 1930s and shows more effects of crossbreeding.

"Many Nokotas are roan, especially blue roan, a rare color, and brown, and there is a small group with the dun factor, which is also rare..." says McLaughlin. Once the horse of cowboys and Indians, Nokotas retain many of their 19th-century attributes, including unusual strength, jumping ability, and endurance. Their calm and affectionate nature makes them ideal trail horses, game horses, show jumpers, cattle horses, and fox hunters.

Although word of their virtues is getting around, Nokotas are still in jeopardy. "We desperately need preservation breeders, people who will continue the lines," says McLaughlin. "It's a year-to-year struggle. It is really cold in North Dakota where these horses are. There is little wind break, and it's hard to get all the horses through the winter."

Click on title above for original article;

What the WFHBA of 1971 Allows

Click on title above which will take you to "Zumas Blog" where they discuss the fact that the WFHBA of 1971 DOES grant the BLM authority to place the wild ones into private and/or public hands or lands.

Excerpt from article;

"...The Wild Horse and Burro Act already states: “The Secretary is authorized to enter into cooperative agreements with other landowners and with the State and local governmental agencies and may issue such regulations as he deems necessary for the furtherance of the purposes of this Act.....”

ABC Covers Wild Horse Wars

Click on title above to see vid

Native Equine Cultures Believed the Horse to be an Extension of his own Being

Certainly, we were some of the original “horse whisperers”. The resplendent Native horse cultures believed the equine an extension of his own being with a telepathic bond providing an instinctual sense of each other’s journey and direction. Today this connection is all but lost. By the 1960’s only a few true “whisperers” remained.

Early one morning during a visit to “Crow Fair” at Crow Agency, Montana, the family watched as an older Indian gentleman rode into the festivities from out of the hills. I was in my early teens. We were camped somewhat off from the many tepees, horses and fairgoers, just up from the Little Big Horn River. We watched an old man descend as Dad prepared breakfast. Out of the morning haze and radiant rising sun loped the man and his horse. We could see he must have been hitting the bottle pretty hard; his horse maintaining a sturdy and even gait that just held its floundering partner on his back. As the elderly man swooned from left to right, forward and back, somewhere in the imbibed, cross-eyed view he caught sight of our active little camp. When he moved within range, the sizzling bacon caught his nose and a broad smile opened across his face as his chest spread open to the possibilities; a full meal, plus entertainment.

As well, we knew at that very moment he was about to give us all that he could offer-his steed, and endless laughter, for a spot of coffee, eggs, bacon, potatoes and toast. It was not much to figure out, these two commodities-laughter and each other, perhaps a horse, perhaps even booze, saw Indian Country through the years of terror and depression. He had it all. We knew the combination made for the unexpected, clearly a spiritual notion.

He pulled up along side the table and pointed to the food. Things were still pretty traditional in those years at Crow Agency. Very little English was spoken and a while before the Fair became an enormous event in Indian Country. “Sure, join us,” my father answered with as broad and as deep a smile as the rider. Someone rustled up a plate and we made a spot for the Crow man to come sit. He slid loosely off the side of his Appaloosa, his boots hitting the ground sooner than he anticipated. But he caught himself quickly, not wanting to appear fully tanked. He swayed to his place and shook hands with each one of us down and around the table.

Pete (my older brother) and I checked out his horse. We’d both done some riding ourselves, but hadn’t seen a head bandana used for a harness before. We were used to sliding a metal bit like the European, in a callused mouth that told a horse you meant to be in charge when you gave directions. Of course this was an old Indian rider so he’d trotted in on bare back. His reigns were a couple pieces of surplus rope attached to the red bandana. From the time our breakfast company slid from his steed’s side and dropped his reigns, the horse stood his ground except to swish his tail. He was the essence of well trained.

Between attempts to make small talk with little to no English, the old man laughed and carried on in Crow. While enjoying his breakfast he happened to notice Pete eyeing his horse. Gesturing with his lips he pushed Pete to go ahead, get on… then nearly fell over laughing. Pete’s face lit up. Such a beautiful Appaloosa and a ride out in Crow country ought to be more interesting than pow-wow.

Now mother on the other hand, knew the difference between an Indian pony and what we were used to riding. In the Crow fellows laughter she knew the irony, sometimes sarcasm that goes with Indian humor: I am laughing with you, at you, and at myself all at the same time. An Indian pony is a trained psychic. They are trained for nuances, and specifically the nuances of his/her partner. They need little more than the thought of moving; quickly, carefully, slowly and respond in kind. Mother told Pete, “Be careful, these horses like a gentle touch. And even so, he may never have had anyone but this old man on his back. He might not let anyone else on him!”

Pete gave her a nod as he stepped to the side of the old man’s ride. He grabbed up the reigns and held them in his left hand as he gave the horse a couple pats with his right. The horse gave Pete a couple sniffs and looked him over, then returned to his tranquil repose. Pete jumped on back without a problem while the old man shook uncontrollably with laughter over his plate. In one typical move for Pete, he kicked the horse and shook the reigns to signal, “Let’s go!” The horse went wild! He bucked and reared, struggling to throw Pete from his back. As the Appaloosa kicked his legs out from behind and reared up in anger, we could hear Pete yelling, “Whoa! Whoa!”

Our breakfast company doubled over even further, practically on the ground and slapping his sides with his hands. Speaking all Crow he gathered up his faculties and seemed to explain what by then was apparent. “Gentle! Gentle.” Gesturing with both hands he demonstrated how he barely moved the reigns to get the horse to go.

“Yes”, mother nodded as she took up the man’s plate and coffee. “Thank you. Nice to meet you.”

Pete lowered himself gently from the still agitated creature. By now the old guy had gotten to his feet and steadied himself on a corner of the table. As though he were about to mount an Olympic vault, he took a moment of silence, eyed his apparatus and made a straight shot to the back of his horse, thrusting his right leg up as if he was sure he’d definitely make it on. What with booze, breakfast and so much laughter he had little left to jump back on his other half. The horse stood purposefully still. Dad moved quickly from his place at the table and shoved the old man back on board. Still giggling, he demonstrated one more time how he instructed the charger to move. Truly, whatever he was doing to signal right, or left, or go was nearly invisible. It may have been a nod of the head or a slight move with the reigns, we really couldn’t see it, but they knew where they wanted to go because off they rode toward the center of the fairgrounds. Pete’s pride was somewhat tarnished. We all told him we would have done the same thing-but remember those Indian ponies!

A couple hours later walking up to the Fair’s daily parade, we spotted our horse whisperer sleeping it off under a choice tree with his loyal companion ground-tied a few feet away. Whether he was born of the past, present or future, he changed our world. His journey taught about a world we would never see. His expertise no longer suitable, and yet he knew patience-that state of grace, allowing all souls a chance to prove their loyalty and devotion. What he knew was past down from the ones before him, completed by his own ability to listen to the winds, to nature. These things we can talk about, attempt to teach, but it is the doing, in motion, the process, where truth unfolds. His expertise out-moded and lost to the world of the car, he took with him the instinctual intelligence of man with animal; the great connection of natural dialogue with all species, the comfort in that companionship, the recognition of each other’s gifts and needs. This is a special form of listening, of being alert to our languages and connecting, honoring all beings on the journey.

The language of creation is through symbols, signs, metaphors. The dialogue of breath, of imagination, of quiet, of practice, of heart, allows us to express all to Creation…and receive its reply. By entering this space of reflection we understand more fully our value in this moment, and in that moment find the current of change.

Click on title above for original article;

Visiting Broken Arrow Equine POW Camp

Mustang Deaths Up to 26 in Nevada Wild Horse Roundup

RENO, Nev. (AP) -- Wild-horse advocates criticized federal land managers after the number of mustang deaths so far in a government roundup on the range north of Reno nearly tripled from a week ago, going from nine to 26.

The U.S. Bureau of Land Management on Friday reported four more deaths stemming from its roundup in the Calico Mountain Complex. Agency spokeswoman JoLynn Worley said three horses have died at the roundup site and 23 have died at a Fallon holding facility where the horses have been taken since the two-month roundup began Dec. 28.

Click on title above to Watch Video From the Fallon Holding Facility

Another 25 horses are recovering at the facility 60 miles east of Reno after being treated for various injuries and health issues, she said. Activists said the BLM's roundup methods are "brutal" and violate the intent of a 1971 law Congress enacted to protect the horses.

"America's wild horses are protected by federal law as important parts of our national heritage, but they are being brutalized and destroyed by the BLM's policy of massive roundups," said William Spriggs, an attorney who represents California-based In Defense of Animals in a lawsuit against the Interior Department over the roundup. Worley said the agency has 40 years of experience of conducting roundups and has learned the safest way to conduct them and minimize risk to horses. "I don't think it (26 fatalities) is high given the number of animals gathered and given the condition of some of the animals coming in," she said. "We're seeing quite a few mares in emaciated condition. We're either euthanizing them or they're showing up dead," she said.

According to a 2008 Government Accountability Office report, the BLM has not regularly reported to the public how many horses are killed in the course of roundups. BLM officials have said 0.5 percent of horses die in roundups, but Worley on Friday said that figure only counts deaths at actual gather sites and not holding facilities. Of the 1,447 horses gathered so far, about 0.2 percent have died at the roundup site and 1.8 percent have died in all.

Activists expressed concern over the nearly threefold increase in deaths over the last week and said they intend to continue monitoring the Fallon facility. "The numbers speak for themselves," said Eric Kleiman, research director for In Defense of Animals. "Time will tell, but it'll be very interesting to see what happens over the next week."

A contractor is using two helicopters under BLM supervision to drive horses in the Calico complex to corrals. Officials are then trucking them to Fallon before placing them for adoption or sending them to long-term holding corrals in the Midwest. BLM officials said the removal of about 2,500 horses is necessary because an over-population of the animals is harming the range and native wildlife, and threatening the horses with starvation.

The government says the number of wild horses and burros on public lands in the West stands at nearly 37,000, about half of them in Nevada. It believes the number that can be supported on the range is about 26,600.

King Ranch, Tx. Epicenter of Rare Equine Disease

Click on title above to read more on our "Mad Cows and Martyred Horses" blog;

Friday, January 29, 2010

Myths and Facts about Wild Horses and Burros

This article from Animal Law Coalition has been out for quite some time, but upon reading it over once again I am realizing how comprehensive it is an deserving of a re-run;

Myths and Facts about Wild Horses and Burros

Myth: There are too many wild horses and burros on public lands and their numbers must be reduced.

Fact: The opposite is true – there are too few wild horses and burros on our public lands, and unless their numbers grow, the survival of these special animals is in jeopardy. During the 1800’s, it is estimated that there were more than two million wild horses and burros roaming the West. These animals, along with countless wildlife species ranging from bison to wolves to prairie dogs, were the victims of ghastly extermination efforts, primarily to make way for private domestic livestock grazing. Today, there are less than 30,000 wild horses and burros remaining on millions of acres of our Western public lands. Tragically, the interests of these “living symbols of the historic and pioneer spirit of the West” are being forfeited for those of the livestock industry and other commercial operations.

Many wild horse and burro herds are being managed at such dangerously low numbers that their long-term health and genetic viability are seriously imperiled. In 1999, the federal government sponsored a wild horse and burro population viability forum in which several leading scientific experts including Drs. Gus Cothran, Francis Singer and John Gross, participated. One of the main issues discussed was that smaller, isolated populations of less than 200 animals are particularly vulnerable to the loss of genetic diversity when the number of animals participating in breeding falls below a minimum needed level. This scenario sets the stage for a host of biological problems associated with inbreeding including reduced reproduction and foal survival, reduced adult fitness and physical deformities. Only about one quarter of the herds under active management have a population objective of greater than 150 animals, much less 200. Numerous herds are being managed at levels between 40 to 70 animals and some even fewer. Either geographical or artificial barriers isolate many of these herds. Rather than address this grave problem by increasing population targets for these animals, the agencies charged with their protection, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the United States Forest Service (FS), have decided to further reduce wild horse and burro numbers by half to a shocking 22,000 wild horses and 2,700 wild burros.

Myth: Wild horses and burros must be rounded up to save them from dying of starvation or thirst.

Fact: While the BLM argues that wild horses and burros are being rounded up for their own good to keep them from dying of starvation or dehydration in areas affected by fire and drought throughout the West, animal advocates have frequently found that herd areas stricken by so-called “emergency conditions” weren’t nearly as bad off as the BLM claimed. Not only were wild horses and burros doing just fine, but livestock often remained in the same areas or were returned to the areas in short order. Of course, once the wild horses and burros are gone, they are gone for good – moving in the direction of achieving the overall objective of drastically reducing populations as quickly as possible. By attempting to justify extra removals as “emergencies,” the BLM is able to tap into emergency funds from other programs and go over and above their allocated budgets to meet this goal.

Tragically, many wild horse and burro herds suffer needlessly due to the fact that they have been unable to roam freely throughout their entire herd areas because of fences and other impediments that have been constructed to accommodate livestock. Hence, they are unable to access forage and water to which they are legally entitled. Wild horses and burros have survived droughts and fires in the past and will survive them in the future, just as do other wild animals, if they are treated as wild animals and left alone.

Myth: Wild horses and burros are destructive to the environment and must be removed in order to protect ecosystem health.

Fact: Wild horses and burros, like any wildlife species, have an impact on the environment, but due to their natural behavior, their impact is minimal. In fact, wild horses and burros play a beneficial ecological role, for example, by dispersing seeds through elimination, thereby helping to reseed the landscape. They also blaze trails during heavy snowfall and break ice at watering holes, helping weaker animals to survive during harsh winter months. Wild horses and burros can also serve as food for predator species such as mountain lions.

That said, if BLM and FS officials would have the public believe that they are genuinely concerned about ecosystem health, then they must refrain from conducting business as usual -- viz., turning a blind eye to the indisputably overriding cause of habitat degradation: livestock grazing and public encroachment. For years, the agencies have permitted extremely high levels of livestock use on public lands, resulting in soil erosion, water contamination and depletion, as well as deterioration of vegetation. While wild horses and burros may be blamed for these problems, the agencies’ own data indicate otherwise. Little has changed since the release of the 1990 U.S. General Accounting Office Report, Improvements Needed in Federal Wild Horse Program, which concluded “… the primary cause of the degradation in rangeland resources is poorly managed domestic (primarily cattle and sheep) livestock.” Unlike cattle who tend to congregate and settle in riparian areas, wild horses and burros are highly mobile, typically visiting watering areas for only short periods of time. To make matters worse, livestock are concentrated in grazing allotments at artificially high densities during the critical growing season when vegetation is extremely vulnerable to permanent damage. This overgrazing sets the stage for habitat degradation that may not be immediately apparent, but can cumulatively cause massive vegetation die-off.

Myth: Wild horses and burros are an exotic or a feral species and must be removed to protect native wildlife.

Fact: Not so. The paleontological record shows that the cradle of equine evolution occurred in North America, beginning more than 60 million years ago. Conventional theories postulate that horses introduced by the Spanish more than 500 years ago were a different species than those horses who existed in North America prior to their mysterious disappearance approximately 10,000 years ago. However, mitochondrial DNA analysis of fossil remains indicates that E. caballus, the “modern” horse, is genetically identical to E. lambei, the most recent equine species to evolve in North America more than 1.7 million years ago. Hence, it can plausibly be argued that the Spanish actually “reintroduced” a native species, one which evolved on this continent and which has adapted and flourished both biologically and ecologically since its reintroduction. Interestingly, some scientists question the theory that all horses became extinct 10,000 years ago. They are only now beginning to analyze fossil remains that may eventually support this hypothesis.

Moreover, simply because horses were domesticated before being released is biologically inconsequential. Observing horses in the wild demonstrates just how quickly domesticated behavioral and morphological traits fall off. According to Dr. Patricia Fazio, “The key element in describing an animal as a native species is (1) where it originated; and (2) whether or not it co-evolved with its habitat.” By virtue of their evolutionary history, biology and behavior, these animals are native wildlife. In addition, the 1971 WFHBA rightfully recognized them as an “integral part of the natural system of the public lands.”

•Wild Horses as Native North American Wildlife - Compiled by Jay F. Kirkpatrick, Ph.D. and Patricia M. Fazio, Ph.D.MYTH: Ranchers depend upon livestock grazing for their livelihood and wild horses and burros are creating an undue hardship on their operations.

Fact: While some small family ranchers do depend upon livestock for their primary source of income, the top grazing permits on our public lands in terms of numbers of livestock are held by corporate interests including the Hilton Family Trust, Anheuser-Busch, Inc., Nevada First Corp., and Metropolitan Life Co. In 1992, the General Accounting Office reported that just 16 percent of the approximately 20,000 public lands grazing permittees controlled more than 76.2 percent of forage available on BLM lands and most of these were either very wealthy individuals or big corporations. These wealthy corporate interests are much more concerned with paper stock than livestock, and with preserving their tax write-offs than a way of life. For the most part, removing wild horses and burros translates into just one more form of corporate welfare.

Studies indicate that most ranchers are choosing to diversify their sources of income. Today, less than 3% of our nation’s beef is produced on public rangelands. Ranching on both public and private lands accounts for less than 0.5% of all income by Western residents. In 1994, the Department of the Interior concluded that the elimination of all public lands grazing would result in the loss of only 0.1% of the West’s total employment. Changing times and demographics, not a small number of wild horses and burros, are responsible for the decline of the ranching industry’s importance in the West. The time has come to help wild horses and burros and to assist ranchers who want to voluntarily transition from a profession that is taking its toll on their pocketbooks.

MYTH: Without the federal grazing program assistance, ranchers would be unable to carry on a cherished family tradition and way of life.

Fact: Small family ranchers, just as small family farmers, have far more to fear from corporate interests than they do from responsible federal lands management policy. In fact, about 70% of cattle producers in the West own all the land they operate and do not rely on public lands grazing whatsoever. It can reasonably be argued that those ranchers who benefit from ridiculously cheap public lands grazing fees and other government subsidies associated with federal grazing permits have a distinct advantage over those who do not. Many of these ranchers who now fancy themselves as modern day “cattle barons” are millionaires and billionaires who made their fortunes in other businesses – e.g., Texas oilman, Oscar Wyatt, Jr. former chairman of Coastal Corp., the late McDonald’s French fries supplier John Simplot, and Mary Hewlett Jaffe, daughter of William Hewlett of Hewlett-Packard fame. The top 10 percent of public lands grazing permit holders control a striking 65 percent of all livestock on BLM lands and 49 percent on FS lands. The bottom 50 percent of public lands grazing permit holders control just 7 percent of livestock on BLM lands and 3 percent on FS lands.

Because public lands grazing allotments require ownership of private base property and wealthy individuals and corporations own more private property (i.e., base property), they wind up with more federal grazing allotments. Hence, these wealthy operations benefit from numerous taxpayer subsidies, while small family operations struggle to make ends meet. These “cattle barons” and corporations are increasingly buying out small ranching operations -- acres at a time. With rising operating costs and mounting debts, most small family ranchers are looking for work outside the ranch and a way out of ranching.

Some ranchers have expressed an interest in a proposal that would provide for their needs as they transition into other lines of work. If a rancher voluntarily relinquishes his/her federal grazing permit, the government would compensate the permittee $175 per animal unit month (the amount of forage necessary to graze one cow and calf for one month). Not only would such an arrangement help ranchers and be a huge cost savings to taxpayers (see last myth), but it would also allow forage to be reallocated to wildlife including wild horses and burros.

MYTH: Removed horses and burros are adopted to loving homes through the government’s “Adopt a Horse or Burro Program.”

Fact: While the BLM has an obligation to ensure that the persons adopting wild horses and burros are “qualified” adopters, many people do not fully understand the responsibility and commitment that are required to care for an adopted animal, thus setting the stage for failed adoptions. Rigorous screening of potential adopters, education and monitoring are critical to the success of any adoption. Sadly, the BLM has failed in all of these areas. In 1997, the Associated Press uncovered enormous and egregious abuse within the adoption program, including the revelation that many individuals were adopting large numbers of wild horses only to turn around and make sizable profits by selling them for slaughter. To make matters worse, The New York Times reported on a Justice Department investigation that revealed that BLM had a “don’t ask, don’t tell” policy on this issue, and that in fact many employees were well aware that adopters intended to sell horses for slaughter after receiving title. Only after being sued by wild horse advocates did the BLM agree to adopt measures to stem the tide of horses going to slaughter, but even then, countless horses fell through the cracks.

Of immediate concern is an amendment to the WFHBA that was slipped into the Interior Appropriations bill in the last Congressional session, requiring horses 10 years-of-age or older or those who have not been adopted after three attempts to be sold at auction without limitation. Such “sale authority” will open the floodgates of wild horses being sold to slaughter for profit. More than 8,000 wild horses may immediately wind up on the dinner plates in fancy overseas restaurants, and countless more will follow unless legislation is swiftly enacted to repeal this ill-conceived amendment. H.R. 1018, introduced by Congressman Nick Rahall (D-WV) and Congressman Ed Whitfield (R-KY) in the House of Representatives to restore the slaughter prohibition for wild horses and burros. H.R. 503, the Prevention of Equine Cruelty Act, reintroduced by House Judiciary Committee Chairman John Conyers (D-MI) and Representative Dan Burton (R-IN) and in the Senate by Senator Mary Landrieu (D-LA) and veterinarian and Senator John Ensign (R-NV) as S. 727 will ensure that no horse meets this appalling fate.

The 1971 Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act and its legislative history make it clear that Congress, with overwhelming public support, intended for wild horses and burros to be protected in the wild, and removed only when necessary, and if removed, guaranteed humane treatment. They were never to be sold for slaughter.

Myth: With thousands of wild horses and burros awaiting adoption, the program is too costly and the only solution is to either sell or destroy “excess” animals who haven’t been adopted or are deemed “unadoptable.”

Fact: In 2001, the BLM adopted a reckless strategy to reduce the numbers of wild horses and burros on public lands by more than half by the year 2005, without any environmental review whatsoever. Up to that point in time, adoptions had kept pace with removals. Increased removals resulted in a backlog of animals awaiting adoption. Many animals were automatically shipped to long-term holding facilities and never even put up for adoption. With more than 20,000 animals languishing in holding facilities, costs for the inflated number of removals and the animals’ care have mounted – all directly attributable to BLM’s own misguided strategy. BLM’s FY 2005 budget for administering the program was $39 million.

However, if the BLM were genuinely interested in fiscal responsibility, the agency would provide the public with a detailed analysis of the full costs of administering its livestock grazing program. A recent analysis of the budget records concluded that the net direct loss (calculated as the Congressional Appropriations for the program less fee receipts to the Treasury) of the livestock program was at least $72 million for the BLM and $52 million for the FS; the full costs are likely to be three to four times these amounts. However, with the multiple taxpayer subsidies ranchers receive ranging from below-market-value grazing fees to fire and weed control to predator and “pest” control to range improvements, to price supports, to the regular removal of wild horses and burros, etc., it is certain that the agency loses hundreds of millions of dollars each year. Removing livestock instead of wild horses and burros would indeed be the most fiscally responsible action the agency could take.

Click on title above to go to article on the ALC website;

BeBop Cowboy Assholes

In case you missed it the first time 'round

Click on title above to see what a Bebop Cowboy Asshole is. Not all of 'em wear ten gallon hats, ride horses or herd cows

WARNING: Explicit language (worse than asshole)

"No Cows" Petition Going 'Round Again

Click on title above to sign the NO COWS IN WILD HORSE (AND BURRO) COUNTRY if you didnt sign it the first time it went 'round a couple a years back.

Maybe if we INCREASE the pressure to END the Welfare Ranching Program WITHOUT compensation to the ranchers,.....they will take us more seriously and PERHAPS begin to see the light and will begin to work with us more sincerely to find a way to keep our wild ones free and roaming forever upon their traditional lands. We must give them an ultimatum: Work with us or we will INCREASE our DEMANDS to the gov't for an END to the Welfare Ranching system.

Milking the Cash Cow (Dairy & Beef)

Click on title above to see how american farmers and ranchers are milking the cash cow

A New American Western Tragedy

Click on title above to see another way ranchers are destroying our public lands - can you spell O-R-Vs?

Showcasing Catoor / Highlightin' the LIES & Annotatin' the BULL

From article in "Cowboy Showcase"

In the distance, you can hear the helicopters coming to the corral with another band of wild horses. Near the mouth of the capture corral Dave Cattoor stood, looking out into the vast expanse of wild horse country in Central Nevada’s, Antelope Valley. Dave was holding his “pilot horse” Shorty by his halter. When the wild horses approached the mouth of the trap, herded along from behind with the helicopters, Dave turned Shorty loose and he ran to the front of the wild horse band, leading them safely into the capture corral. Dave said in his quiet way, “I can put wild horses in your barn with Shorty’s help.”

Cattoor Livestock Roundups, Inc has repeated this scene many times in locations throughout Nevada, Wyoming, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Utah, since 1975. This premier wild horse-gathering outfit has been in the business for over 32 years working with the BLM, USFS, NPS and private individuals and has captured over 200,000 wild horses, wild burros, and wild cattle. During this period, they have purchased and built new livestock holding equipment, improved air-to-ground radio communications, purchased three helicopters, fuel trucks, water hauling trailers, horse hauling equipment and improved gathering techniques. They have learned the best methods available to assure safety for their employees and the animals they capture.

Dave Cattoor grew up in mustang country on the Western Slope of the Colorado Rockies near Maybell, Colorado. He learned the ways of wild horses from the old-time wild horsemen in northwestern Colorado and southern Wyoming. (Of course, he is an old "Mustanger," from an old Mustangin' famolee) He caught his first wild horse when he was 12 years old and from then on, he has followed wild horse trails throughout the west.

The Roundup

In the early days, wild horses were caught either from horseback or by water trapping. These capture methods were slow, dangerous, (for whom?) and sometimes not very efficient (Seems efficiency would depend upon the quality and quantity of the ranglers involved.) In the early 70s, Federal laws were changed to allow the use of helicopters to gather wild horses. This improved the gathering process a great deal and it became much easier on the wild horses and their colts.

Dave says this about helicopters and pilots, “A good helicopter pilot does not run wild horses during a round up. These pilots must be experienced and understand livestock habits. The horses are gathered with the helicopter and herded along much as you would move cattle. The animals going to the capture trap travel at their own speed and unless they need to be turned, the helicopter backs off and just follows the animals. If the horses in the lead start to run off, they can be turned back in order to slow the herd down. Even most of the mares with small colts can keep up using this method. Helicopter roundups are the most efficient and safe way to gather wild horses, burros, and wild cattle.(Safe and effiecient for whom, I ask again; most certainly NOT the animals) During the past couple of years, we have started using two helicopters to gather in the same area. This has worked out very well and has cut our gather time in half and is much easier on the wild horses and their colts.”
(How so? To have TWO terrifying loud-ass flying machines in the air chasing them, instead of one. Better yet to have NONE) Dave explained how they select a capture site in a roundup area. “Preliminary scouting both by air and on the ground is done to find the natural routes wild horses travel .The capture site needs to be close to the animals you want to catch and somewhere that they would naturally go, so that you do not attempt to force horses but they will travel there more or less on their own.ROTFLMAO An example would be a natural spring or livestock water where horses have been going for water. (Such as used to be used but now abandoned, as a more humane ("water-trapping") method of capture?) Easier to chase them down with helicopters, eh? Once the capture site has been chosen, proper capture pens and wings must be installed. These pens are constructed of materials that do not harm the horses (Like the barbed wire fence that Freedom ran through?) and will make gathering, sorting, and loading easier for the animals and wranglers alike.”

When asked about what happens when colts or horses are left behind on a gather, Dave said, (I thought as stated above, that the mares w/ their babies have NO PROBLEM keeping up - make up our minds, will ya guys? You know we are easily confused (NOT) lol) “We have wranglers and saddled horses ready at the capture pens. When the helicopter pilot radios that a colt or horse has fallen back, we send the wrangler and his horse to bring the animals in.” (You mean to run the exhaused animals even harder and longer, dont you,...i.e.; the colt that you ran his feet off)
Once the animals are safely in the capture corrals, (there IS NO safety in the capture pens, it is pure and utter confusion, fear and pandamonium for them ) they are sorted or sometimes loaded in semi-trucks and horse trailers and hauled to a separate set of sorting corrals at a holding facility.(By BLMs own laws, they are not supposed to be immediately loaded for transport but are supposed to be given PLENTY OF TIME (as in a day or so) to settle down before transport.) At these corrals, Dave’s wife Sue Cattoor, and their son and business partner Troy along with several wranglers and a BLM Horse Specialist ( Bebop Cowboy Aassholes, all. Click on title above to learn more about their kind.) ) proceed with the sorting operation. When needed, a State Brand Inspector and a veterinarian assist them. (When needed? The vet should be there ALL OF THE TIME, you know, as sort of a casual or humane observer) The horses are sorted, studs in one pen, dry mares in a pen, and mares with colts in another. Extreme care is taken to keep the mares and their colts together. (At least til they get to the holding facilities where they are immediately taken away from their mothers)and processed as "young adoptables." All of the horses are run through a chute and are “mouthed” to determine their ages.

Sue Cattoor said, when asked about what will be done with these captured horses, “According to the most recent estimates, the wild horse and burro population grows at a about a rate of 18 % a year. Since the enactment of the Wild and Free Roaming Horse and Burro act of 1971, horse and burro populations have increased dramatically. (BIG FAT LIE: there used to be nearly 1 million wild equines on our public lands, they HAVE NOT increased in numbers due to ranchers killing them off and the BLMs managment for extinction which has continously through the years DECLIMATED their numbers - BLM and their rancher friends WOULD NEVER allow the herds to grow - remember, they STILL have (secret) bounties on them. Recent estimates of wild horse and burro numbers exceed 31,000 (whos estimates? lol) living on Federal lands. (How many privately owned cows do you run on public land, Sue? If there were 100,000 wild horses out there, it still would not be enough to do all the damage that MILLIONS of privately owned cattle do - AND at a cost of $500 MILLION DOLLARS a year to the taxpayers to run all of them privately owned cows, which, by the way, are the ones POUNDING our public lands TO DUST) Nevada has over one half of these wild horses and burros. These animals have virtually no natural predators, (That is because the BLM kills off all the preditors at the ranchers request,.....taxpayers pay $29 MILLION a year for BLMs Preditor Control program) except for an occasional mountain lion, (Dont worry, the Big_Game hunters taking over our lands will take care of them) and their herd size can double about every four years. This leaves the BLM and other federal land managers in the very difficult position of managing the AMLs (appropriate management levels) for wildlife, livestock, and wild horses and burros to the best of their ability in these multiple-use areas.” (There is NO mandaory multiple use requirements for wild horse (and burro) countrys.....BLM is IGNORING the FLPMA exceptions to the "multiple use" and "sustained yield" requirments. Remember the 1971 Act? Its designates WFH&B historic lands as PRINCIPALLY FOR THEIR USE. What part of BLACK & WHITE / CUT & DRY dont you or the BLM understand?)

“If the BLM waits too long to make a gather, wild horses can get into such bad physical shape from lack of water and feed that many may die. This is what happened to the Jackson Mountain wild horses, north of Winnemucca, Nevada, in September 2007. They were gathered too late. There had been fires and a terrible drought in this area for many months. The cattle permittee had already removed his cattle from the allotment due to lack of water and feed. (BLM LOCKED THEM OUT of water sources - we have the pics, thank you) We gathered the wild horses and shipped them to the BLM holding facility at Palomino Valley, north of Reno. Over 100 horses died after being transported there. Salmonella was said to be the cause. However, salmonella is present in many healthy horse’s digestive tracts. When horses are in a weaken condition, as these were when we gathered, they are more susceptible to succumbing to it’s effects. Wild horses are not wildlife that will migrate to a better area when food and water run out. (WHAT?!! Now horses are stoopid?) They are livestock (NOT)(LIVE STOCK is something owned,...that is why they call it "STOCK," it is the owners STOCK -IN-TRADE and wild horses ARENT OWNED by any private individual so therefore are NOT livestock in the traditional sense) that must be managed and their numbers must be controlled out on the range so that they have enough to eat and drink.” (So WHY dont you do as you say and control them ON the ranges instead herding them off? Is this what you call a managment plan?)
Dave explained, “We have gathered at this same Nevada location in Antelope Valley five times in years past and this area is overstocked with wild horses once again. The livestock permittee has been cut back to 200 cows for two months out of the year on his federal grazing permit and he owns the private water source where most of these horses are drinking. (BLM HAS A DUTY to provide the equines with water sources, NO MATTER if privately owned) The BLM Horse Specialist will make the determination as to how many of these horses are shipped and how many will be turned back out on the range. The horses that are shipped will be hauled by semi-truck to a BLM holding facility held, and fed there. There presently are more wild horses in holding facilities than there are out on the range. These horses are on welfare. (So are the public land ranchers, the grazing program is nothing but SOCIALISM in its purest form,..costing $500 Million a year to taxpayers) They are the wild horses and burros that no one wants. (Guess you are speaking for the whole Nation here, huh Sue? No, not presumptious of you at all (for a Bebop Cowgirl Asshole) Over half of the BLM wild horse federal budget is going to feed these gathered unwanted horses& burros” (And whos fault is that?..Of course, you just have to know, the BLM planned it that way, just so they could use it as an excuse for mass euthansia, which by the way, as you also should know, America wil never allow. )

The Future
When we asked Sue Cattoor what the answer is to all this, she replied, “There has to be somewhere to take these excess horses that are gathered. Holding facilities are filling up. It has become very difficult to get people to adopt wild horses anymore. It would seem that the only answer to this huge problem is for various special interest groups to find additional homes for these horses and burros (Yeah, sure, FOIST the duty of care away from the BLm and onto private hands) or allow the un-adoptable ones to be humanely destroyed like we do dogs and cats. (Join the No-Kill Shelter Revolution Today - it is the modern trend; NoKill.Com)With the current purposed changes in the horse slaughter laws in the United States, this country is filling up with unwanted horses. (NO SUCH THING as an unwanted horse) In this November gather alone, there were at least 25 branded horses. (How hard is it to trace the brands and charge the owners with abandonment?) We could one day be gathering more privately-owned horses that have been turned out on federal lands because their owners did not want to feed and care for them than we are gathering wild horses.” (Can you say "Against the Law?")If you want to learn something about wild horse gathering, spend a day in a mustang capture corral in the middle of wild horse country in Central Nevada with Dave and Sue Cattoor and their crew. You will get an education on what wild horse and burro capture is all about from people who spent a lifetime, watching, following, and catching these animals throughout the west!--(and shipping them off to slaughter.)
Contact information:

Cattoor Livestock Roundup, Inc.
Dave and Sue Cattoor
Troy and Sandy Cattoor
PO Box 289
Nephi, Utah 84648

Story by Mike Laughlin - A version of this article was published in Range Magazine, Spring 2008 Issue.
Photos by Lee Raine

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Thursday, January 28, 2010

$urvey to Help Wild Horses & Burros in SD

Hello Amigos...

We've have been called on to take an equine industry survey by UCD Michael Smurfit Graduate Business School, Blackrock, Co. Dublin, Ireland. in association with Alltech.

They are conducting this survey to compile research on the feed buying habits of the equestrian worldwide.

And, they are so kind and have agree to donate $1 to the International Society for the Preservation of Mustangs and Burros in South Dakota. FYI, the snow there is brutal, Karen Sussman, ISPMB President, the mustangs and the volunteers are in desperate need of hay and this survey is a vital link to their survival...your contribution is greatly appreciated and it takes only 5 minutes...I did it already! Lets get 5000+ responses, $5000+ to ISPMB!

Click on title above to take survey;

Remember to put "trueCOWBOYmagazine" as the answer to the reference question at the end of survey...this will let them know how many $$$ to send to Karen at the International Society for the Preservation of Mustangs & Burros

Saddle Up, time is off the essence and there is a deadline so do it NOW....and thank you for your support!

Cate Crismani
Equine Angle Marketing & PR
818 642 4764

BLM Calico Gathers Activities / Daily Log

Far too many injuries, euthansias, and "mysterous" deaths in the pens......

Click on title above to go to the report

BREAKING NEWS: Rural Water Pipeline Receives Major Blow

Posted: Jan 28, 2010 2:38 PM EST Updated: Jan 28, 2010 2:47 PM EST

LAS VEGAS -- Plans to siphon billions of gallons of groundwater from rural Nevada were tossed out today by the Nevada Supreme Court.
The court ruled that the state engineer did not follow the law when he allowed the Southern Nevada Water Authority to file for groundwater rights back in 1989 and then sit on those rights for all these years.

Click on title above to read Court Decision;

The decision is seen as a major blow to plans for building a multi-billion dollar pipeline from Las Vegas into rural areas 300 miles away. The Southern Nevada Water Authority has already spent tens of millions of dollars on the plan, which environmentalists say would destroy a vast section of eastern Nevada.

The court ruled that SNWA will have to start all over in applying for the water rights. The surprise decision by the court was handed down Thursday morning.

Wednesday, January 27, 2010

Denver Protests (Again, and Again and Again)


January 26, 2010
Denver Area Horse Advocates Hold Third Rally Against Wild Horse Roundups

Calico Roundup continues with 9 horses dead so far, including a colt whose hooves were damaged so badly running over rock that he had to be "euthanized."

Controversy Grows Over Government Acceleration of Removing Wild Horses From Western Public Lands

Boulder, Colorado - Wild horse advocates from several groups, including The Cloud Foundation, In Defense of Animals (IDA), and other members of the American Wild Horse Preservation Campaign Coalition, will hold a rally Saturday, January 30, at 1 p.m. at the intersection of Broadway and Canyon Blvd., Boulder, to call attention to Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar's massive roundup and removal of wild horses from public lands in the West. The largest of such roundups is currently underway in the Calico Mountains Complex, known as the National System of Public Lands, in northwestern Nevada. The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is removing over 2,500 horses, or 80 to 90 percent of the horses living in the Calico Complex. To date, nine horses have died in the Calico roundup, which began on December 28 and continues through February, at a cost of nearly $2 million to taxpayers.

What: Rally for America's Wild Horses
Where: Broadway and Canyon Blvd., downtown Boulder
When: Saturday, January 30, 2010, 1 p.m. - 4 p.m.
Press Conference at 2 p.m.

"The environmental assessment, which led the BLM to conclude that the horses should be removed, was wholly inadequate,” explains Ginger Kathrens, executive director of the Cloud Foundation. “BLM did not analyze the impacts of cattle grazing in the Calico Complex. When asked why, the agency said ‘this issue is outside of the scope of this environmental analysis.’ How convenient then, that wild horses can be blamed for range damage, and then removed at a cost of millions to the American taxpayer.”

"The Obama Administration's decision to continue to spend millions of tax dollars to remove wild horses from public lands in the West to stockpile on private ranches in the Midwest is fiscally irresponsible," said Elliot M. Katz, DVM, IDA president. "The BLM claims that it takes wild horses from their homes and families, stampedes them by helicopters, and warehouses them in pens for the good of the horses and the American taxpayers. Do they think we are stupid?"

"The BLM mismanages our public lands for one reason: to benefit commercial interests, such as cattle ranchers and other industries that exploit our lands and profit from the removal of the horses," Katz continued.

If the Obama Administration’s BLM continues its current course, initially charted by the Bush Administration, it will capture and remove nearly 12,000 wild horses in fiscal year 2010 from their Western ranges and place them in Midwestern holding facilities, where they will join the 35,000 horses already stockpiled at taxpayer expense. Using the BLM’s own numbers, the number of horses in BLM warehouses will then be roughly twice the number left on the range.

A December 23, 2009, decision by federal court Judge Paul Friedman — in a lawsuit brought by IDA, ecologist Craig Downer, and renowned children’s author Terri Farley — found that the BLM's Midwestern holding facilities are likely illegal, and suggested that the BLM postpone the Calico roundup.

Wild horses comprise a minute fraction (0.5 percent) of large grazing animals on public lands, where they are outnumbered by cattle at least 200 to 1. Currently, the BLM manages more than 256 million acres of public lands of which cattle grazing is allowed on 160 million acres; wild horses are only allowed on 26.6 million acres of this land, on which thousands of privately owned cattle also graze.

IDA and The Cloud Foundation are members of the American Wild Horse Preservation Campaign, a coalition of 50 organizations representing over 10 million people nationwide, whose goal is to protect America ’s wild horses on their rightful ranges, our public lands.

For more information, visit,, and

Cathy Bryarly, event organizer, 303-746-4729,
Makendra Silverman, The Cloud Foundation, 719-351-8187,
Suzanne Roy, In Defense of Animals, 919-697-9389,
Elliot M. Katz, DVM, In Defense of Animals, 415-448-0075,

Rodeo Clown Dupes Hollywood Vampire in Cattle Investment Scam

Kiefer Sutherland Loses 900K in Bum Steer Deal
Star of '24' Cooperating with Prosecutors Investigating Cattle-Selling Poniz Scheme
Jan. 27, 2010

Kiefer Sutherland may play a tough guy on TV but in real life he got taken for nearly a million dollars in a cattle investment scam.

Actor Kiefer Sutherland is charged with assault for an alleged head-butt.

More PhotosAccording to court papers, Sutherland invested $869,000 in cattle a few years ago, but the deal turned out to be, well, a bunch of bull.

Sutherland, who plays agent Jack Bauer on the hit series "24," was one of several victims of Michael Wayne Carr, a steer-roping promoter and cattle manager who is accused of bilking investors out of hundreds of thousands of dollars by the San Joaquin County, Calif., District Attorney's office.

Deputy District Attorney Stephen Maier told that Carr was running a ponzi scheme in which he promised investors that he could purchase cows in Mexico and resell them in the U.S. for a huge profit.

Sutherland, who never met Carr, learned about the investment opportunity while he was working on a film in which he played a cattle-roping cowboy.

The actor made an initial investment of nearly half a million dollars in 2006 on which he received a "huge profit," Maier said.

The prosecutor said the money most likely came from the illegal sale of a Colorado man's cattle that had been entrusted to Carr.

When Sutherland made a second investment of $869,000 in 2007, the money "disappeared," Maier said. "There was no money and no cattle."

Sutherland contacted authorities who launched an investigation.

"Mr. Sutherland has been very friendly and helpful with our investigation," Maier told People. "I'm sure he's happy someone's getting to the bottom of this."

A New Mexico couple also lost $177,000 in the same scheme.

Carr was arraigned Monday on 12 felony charges: five counts of grand theft, three counts of forgery, two counts of obtaining money by false pretenses and one count each of embezzlement and falsifying corporate books.

He faces 18 years in prison if convicted on all charges.

As for Sutherland, will he remain a cow man? According to TMZ, Sutherland owns a ranch in Montana and has even entered rodeo competitions. Perhaps he'll, er, "steer" clear of any more cattle deals.

Global Warming, Western Ranching and the "Bovine Curtain"

UN Report Names Livestock as Greatest Polluters

Interesting to note this excerpt from article;

Sierra Club, Wilderness Socities Ignore UN Report;

"....when you live behind the Bovine Curtain most people are afraid to speak the truth or have internalized group think so completely that it does not even occur to people to ponder livestock’s central role in a host of environmental and health problems. Given their role as obsequious hand maidens to the livestock industry, it’s not surprising that federal and state governments hide the connection between meat production and global warming. But it’s totally unacceptable for environmental organizations to ignore this inconvenient truth.

For instance I recently checked the Sierra Club’s global climate change web site. They list ten things one can do to reduce global warming, from driving a more energy efficient auto to supporting renewable energy sources—but eating less meat is not one of them. It’s hard to believe that the Sierra Club is not aware of the UN report or other recent research linking livestock production with global warming, but one must assume that saying anything about livestock production is off limits when you live behind the Bovine Curtain. Worse yet, some Sierra Club chapters even promote ranching, despite the obvious impacts on global climate. A recent article the Sierra Club’s California/Nevada desert newsletter extolled the virtues of livestock grazing in the Great Basin—a region that is likely to suffer greatly from global climate change.

Similarly I reviewed National Parks and Conservation Association’s new report, “Unnatural Disaster,” which describes the multiple ways that global warming will impact our national parks. The report suggests a host of solutions that range from more efficient energy use to adoption of renewable energy, but I could not locate any mention of eating less meat in the 48 page report. And the Wilderness Society, while advising members to support carbon sequestration, mileage efficiency for vehicles, and other common remedies, did not mention of the role of livestock production and a meat diet in contributing to global warming.

Given that these national groups do not appear to see or more likely wish to avoid talking about a connection between diet and environmental issues, it’s not surprising that many regional or local environmental groups seldom mention livestock production as a global warming issue. They may express great concern about the decline of whitebark pine or large wildfires due to higher global temperatures, but they don’t go the next step to tie these issues to ranching and livestock production. Try to raise any linkage to ranching and livestock and the Bovine Curtain slams down. In the West, we don’t talk about cows except to laud the ranchers for being “good stewards of the land” or some other fawning palaver.

Global warming is only one reason to end livestock production, particularly western ranching. Production of livestock is the single greatest source of non-point pollution in the West. Livestock are among the prime reasons for the spread of invasive plants like cheatgrass. Producing hay and other irrigated forage for livestock is the reason our rivers are dewatered each summer. Livestock are the reason bison and wolves are killed outside of national parks. Livestock spread disease to wildlife. Livestock are the reason native wildlife like prairie dogs are being slaughtered. The list goes on, but few groups are willing to even list these impacts, much less tackle the source of the problem—cows. "

Click on title above to read full article

The Dark Side of Natural Resources

Natural resources often lie at the heart of wars and civil strife. Huge mining and resource companies like ExxonMobil and BHP Billeton maneuver for control of enormously valuable oilfields and mineral lodes. There are many other players, including shadowy resource traders, smugglers, corrupt local officials, arms dealers, transport operators and mercenary companies. Increasing scarcity of resources further sharpens such conflicts, in which powerful governments and their military/intelligence arms are always deeply involved.
This section posts many Key Documents, including UN reports and resolutions, as well as key NGO reports. These materials have helped raise public awareness and catalyzed global advocacy movements, putting the spotlight on clandestine networks, big resource companies and complicit governments North and South.
A high-profile campaign has targeted the bloody consequences of the mining and trade in Diamonds. In Angola, rebel groups financed a long, violent civil war by selling diamonds on the black market. Other countries, especially in Africa, have been plagued by diamond-related conflicts.
Oil and Natural Gas are the world's most valuable traded resources and probably the most conflict-prone. This section illustrates how the world's great companies in the sector, like Exxon, Shell, Total, and Lukoil, roam the planet in search of new reserves, often generating wars and civil conflicts as they vie (with help from their governments) for control of the hugely profitable fields.
Water may be a "renewable" resource, but growing consumption puts increasing pressure on the world freshwater supplies. Local conflicts over water have long existed, but today a combination of water shortage and transboundary waterways gives rise to escalating international conflicts. Timber is another source of deadly conflict, as the world's forests disappear, timber prices soar, and illegal logging thrives in war zones.
Minerals such as cobalt, coltan, copper, uranium and gold have fueled many civil and interstate wars in Africa. Sometimes these minerals provide rebel groups with revenue to purchase arms, and sometimes they provide governments with the resources to establish a repressive military presence in mineral-producing regions. We also provide a number of General Articles, Analysis and Debate. These materials help to clarify the discussion, identify proposals for policy change and examine the possibilities for effective action.

Click on title above to see how you can help fight for preservation of the worlds natural places and spaces;

Tuesday, January 26, 2010

The Problem with "Wild Horse Mentors"

The problem with "Wild Horse Mentors" is that they believe the BLM hype (in bold italics) from their website (below)

"With the decline of natural predators, wild horses and burros are multiplying in greater numbers than their environment can support. As a result, the BLM removes excess animals and adopts them out to individuals with appropriate facilities. The Wild Horse Mentors proactively help these animals by providing educational materials, workshops and one-on-one assistance to wild horse ad burro adopters so that the animals may become successfully adjusted to domestic life and and live healthy and contented lives."

First off, the preditors are declining cause BLM is killing them off at ranchers request. The BLMs preditor control program costs taxpayers 29 Million a year to administer.

Secondly, "wild horses are burros are multiplying in greater numbers than their environment can support" is a well known BLM BIG FAT lie. How come the Wild Horse Mentors dont know this?

Thirdly, BLMs use of the word "adoption" is a misnomer as they are not really adopted. There is no real protection for any animal adopted through expiring contracts, such as the BLMs uses.

I have been accused of "dividing the camp" with my "extremist" views, but I say, if that is so, maybe the camp NEEDS deviding. We should ALL be fighting to keep them all wild and free. If managed properly, very few should ever have to be removed from the ranges and offered for adoption. There is PLENTY of room for them ALL on our public lands, particularly we give them the 20 million acres taken from them since 1971 and also if we get rid of the cows. Can you say "Give Them Back Their Lands" and / or "NO MORE COWS IN WILD HORSE COUNTRY?"

Monday, January 25, 2010

BLM Lies about "Freedom"

Denies re-capture. Click on title above for latest George Knapp report

Apparently, BLM cant tell one black stallion from another.....tell them to look for the one with no whhite socks and barberd-wire scarring across his chest

Where have all the Gathered Gone?

Click on title above to see what the BLM has to say about the whereabouts of our wild equine POWs;

Ranchers Speak Out Against Oil & Gas Exploration on Public Lands

Click on title above to see they did it with help from The Sierra Club.

Calicos "Starving" Wild Horses

Click on title above to see BLMs idea of starving horses.

Don Oman / A GOOD Ranger / Saving Trout Creek from Cows

Click on title above to see vid

Ranching Detrimental to Free-Living Animals

Click on title above to see vid by Mike Hudack, author of "Western Turf Wars," and, I am proud to say, a fellow New Yorker.

Here is a link to his book review;

Zapada Ranch, Co. / The Nature Conservatory

Click on title above to see vid

Domestic Cattle Disease Infects Big Horns, Buffalo

PNEUMONIA, OVINE - USA (03): (MONTANA), BIGHORN SHEEP***********************************************A ProMED-mail postProMED-mail is a program of theInternational Society for Infectious Diseases Date: 24 Jan 2009From: David Thomson [edited] Agreed that this is a very sad situation. Without intimate knowledge of the specific details of the causative infection strain(s), I am wondering whether an autogenous vaccine may be a way forward, given the conservation and regional significance of this species. If the primary is a strain of _Pasteurella multocida_, it may be viable based on what is known for other _P. multocida_ infections (e.g. fowl cholera in chickens, what are correctly or incorrectly variously referred to from time to time as "haemorrhagic septicaemia" or "shipping fever" in ruminants, etc). I'd expect there to also be a few vaccine delivery issues, but if the sick sheep can be destroyed by shooting, the unaffected ones can probably also be darted or trapped and vaccinated in the normal way. For darting, it may warrant some work to design and construct an appropriate dart (e.g. one that reliably delivers sub-cutaneously, is shed by the target after delivery without causing or leaving a nasty septic wound to create other health and welfare problems, etc.), but if one exists or could be designed, then it might come in quite handy elsewhere in other species for other disease prevention and control efforts involving wild animals, endangered or otherwise. --Communicated by:David Thomson [An autogenous vaccine may be an option. However, I suspect that time and cost of development of a reliable subcutaneous dart delivery system may exceed the time of the outbreak. But it does seem there should be a response to protect the healthy animals. While there may not be an approved vaccine, there are methods for rapid approval of autogenous vaccines. - Mod.TG] [see also:Pneumonia, ovine - USA (02): (MT), bighorn sheep 20100117.019Pneumonia, ovine - USA: (NV) bighorn sheep 20100109.01052009----Pneumonia, bighorn sheep - USA (02): (MT) 20091203.4129Pneumonia, bighorn sheep - USA: (MT) 20091126.40552006----Pneumonia, bighorn sheep - USA (NM) 20060316.08242005----Pneumonia, bighorn sheep - USA (CA) 20050828.2546Pneumonia, bighorn sheep - USA (SD) (02) 20050312.0729Pneumonia, bighorn sheep - USA (SD) 20050309.06992004----Brucellosis, bighorn sheep - USA (WY) 20040118.01942002----Unexplained pneumonia, bighorn sheep - USA (Wyoming) 20020322.37911999----Epizootic hem. disease, deer, bighorn sheep - Canada (BC) 19991109.20051998----Psoroptic mange, bighorn sheep - USA (Utah) (02) 19980115.0114Psoroptic mange, bighorn sheep - USA (Utah) 19980106.00311996----Bighorn sheep mortality, 1995 19960718.1287] *##########################################################*************************************************************ProMED-mail makes every effort to verify the reports thatare posted, but the accuracy and completeness of theinformation, and of any statements or opinions basedthereon, are not guaranteed. The reader assumes all risks inusing information posted or archived by ProMED-mail. ISIDand its associated service providers shall not be heldresponsible for errors or omissions or held liable for anydamages incurred as a result of use or reliance upon postedor archived material.************************************************************Become a ProMED-mail Premium Subscriber at************************************************************Visit ProMED-mail's web site at .Send all items for posting to: to an individual moderator). If you do not give yourfull name and affiliation, it may not be posted. Sendcommands to subscribe/unsubscribe, get archives, help,etc. to: For assistance from ahuman being send mail to:

Sunday, January 24, 2010

Nevada Dept. of Wildlife Interactive Maps

Click on title above to go there. Keep an eye out for so many cows

Calif. Wind Energy Applications

BP is there. Click on title above to see full report

USDA, Navy, Join Forces for Renewable Energy


WASHINGTON, January 21, 2010 – The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Department of the Navy (DoN) today announced that leadership from the two departments have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to encourage the development of advanced biofuels and other renewable energy systems.

"This agreement is part of President Obama's vision of a coordinated federal effort to build a clean energy economy, create new jobs and reduce our dependence on foreign oil," said Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack. "USDA looks forward to working with the Navy and other public and private partners to advance the production of renewable energy by sharing technical, program management and financial expertise."

Click on title above for full report;!ut/p/_s.7_0_A/7_0_1OB?contentidonly=true&contentid=2010/01/0029.xml

Ministers Son Charged w/ Killing Wild Horses / Ministry Stands by Offender

Click on title above to read full report (Calgary, BC)

Blowback from Jack

Give wild horses their land back

Interior Secretary Ken Salazar's plan for managing the American mustang population repeats past failures.
by Jack Carone

U.S. Interior Secretary Ken Salazar's ode to the "majestic" wild horse, and his description of how the federal government must manage its population in his Jan. 14 Times Op-Ed article, comes across to the average reader as a reasonable and sympathetic approach to the problems faced by the American mustang. What Salazar doesn't mention is that the bureaucracies now under his control -- and the business interests they service -- have created the problems the Interior secretary says he wants to solve.

Today, like any population that stands in the way of those who covet their land, the wild horses continue to be removed from their range land and tragically herded down the trail to oblivion. With little basis in sound science, the horse has been scapegoated for environmental degradation. Meanwhile, government audits have found that the Bureau of Land Management has been curbing wild horse populations in areas where private livestock grazing is increasing. Cattle grazing on public land -- easily a much bigger cause of rang land deterioration -- outnumber wild horses by at least 200 to 1.

Salazar writes that since the Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act was enacted in 1971 -- which allowed wild horses to live free on lands where they existed at the time -- the Bureau of Land Management has helped wild horse populations thrive and recover. Salazar has a curious definition of "thrive" and "recover." Since 1971, the BLM has systematically whittled away the act's protections, with about 47,000 wild horses now kept in short- and long-term holding pens and just 31,000 left roaming free on public lands.

Salazar's suggestion that horse adoption is part of the answer is perhaps his most outrageous one. In 1997, a BLM official told the Associated Press that roughly 90% of adopted wild horses ended up going to slaughter. While some horses are adopted and do adapt to a domestic lifestyle, tens of thousands remain in holding. The government spends more than $30 million a year to house captured horses, a useless expense considering that there is no need to find new land for the American mustang. The land designated for them in 1971 hasn't gone anywhere; instead, wild horses have been permanently removed from nearly 20 million acres of their original herd areas. Some of these lands have been sold and made available for livestock, but they have never been reopened to the horses.

We do appreciate Salazar's interest in "new partnerships" and "new thinking," and we certainly look forward to working together on a viable alternative to the current management paradigm. But using progressive language is a far cry from implementing an ethically sustainable program. Indeed, a U.S. District Court judge recently said that Salazar's proposed "plan" to relocate wild horses to holding facilities in the Midwest and east of the Mississippi River violates federal law.

Salazar encourages the public to get involved by coming out to the range and helping to care for the horses. This is a nice sentiment, but does Salazar seriously think he can address a "problem" that includes thousands of animals and hundreds of thousands of acres by getting a few environmentally inclined Americans to visit the range?

Perhaps most poisonous is the BLM's misrepresentation of wild American horses as an invasive species. In reality, horses originated in North America between 1 million and 2 million years ago. These ancient North American horses, which are believed to have died out around the end of the last Ice Age, are biologically the same as the horses that arrived here about 10,000 years later. Native to this continent, the horses that have returned to their natural state over the past few hundred years, on our vast remote ranges, represent the current adaptation of the North American wild horse.

The BLM must halt its horse roundups until the population of wild horses and burros on public lands can be independently assessed. It ought to abandon its haphazard way of corralling and housing horses and perfect methods to progressively manage populations on the range.

A 1990 study by the U.S. General Accountability Office has already found that cattle and sheep grazing -- not free-roaming wild horses -- damage range and riparian areas the most. Old and failed policies must stop now so that we don't continue to create bigger problems.

Secretary Salazar, please stop galloping in the wrong direction.

Jack Carone is chief operating officer of Return to Freedom, a wild horse sanctuary in Santa Barbara County.
Copyright © 2010, The Los Angeles Times


Thank-you for the wonderful piece - I was beginning to wonder if anyone in America still had a brain as it is incomprehensible an agency as corrupt, brutal and inept as BLM is real. I pray Obama and the Senate right this national disgrace that is Slaughter Czar Salazar, Slaughter house Bob Abbey and his horse abusing sidekick Don Glenn. The lies these people tell result in Our Wild Horses and Burros being terrorized and ripped from the lands were they live and sent on a journey of terror and horrific abuse. I wish Salazar, Abbey, Glenn and the other at BLM responsible for this horrific brutal abuse of our beloved wild horses and burros get sent to the slaughter house in mexico where they have colluded and conspired and sent thousands of our wild horses. THERE IS NO WILD HORSE OVERPOPULATION -BLM ARE LIARS -EVERYTHING OUT OF THEIR MOUTHS IS A LIE. THERE IS A 9 MILLION PRIVATE WELFARE CATTLE OVERPOPULATION ON OUR PUBLIC LANDS DESTROYING OUR LAND, OUR WATER AND OUR WILDLIFE AT A COST TO US OF UP TO 1 BILLION PER YEAR !
In a cruel and unnecessary helicopter roundup on 2010 JANUARY 22, the BLM RAN A FOAL 14 miles over rock TILL ITS FEET FELL OFF on Tuesday, let him stand for a day, then made him ride four hours in a trailer to Fallon where he was unloaded and then shot. At least two other horses also died. (01/23/2010, 4:43 PM )


Mr. Carone's information was like a "ray of sunshine". Something honest for a change!
Mr. Salazar's continuous attempts to misinform the public and/or leave important information out is quite offensive. Why misinform? If what you are doing Mr. Salazar is honest, forthright and humane. Why not tell the truth?
I have never seen any mention that the majestic wild horse population only comprises 1/2 of 1 percent of large grazing animals on public lands. Nor has there been any mention that ranchers graze livestock on public lands for $1.35 per month, instead of the private-land rate of $13 per month, per animal. And that the BLM authorizes livestock grazing on 160 million acres of public land.
The small (in comparison) amount of land left to the wild horses is also shared with livestock. The agency's own data shows the majority of rangeland deterioration is caused by livestock!
Mr. Salazar's "thrive and recover" statement? He really should rename this "search and destroy". The BLM chased a foal by helicopter, literally ran the foal's hooves off, and then shot it. Many horses are injured or die as a result of Mr. Salazar's "thrive and recover" policy.
It is so unfortunate that President Obama put Mr. Salazar in the position as secretary of the interior. So very unfortunate.

FairMaiden (01/23/2010, 2:13 PM )


Saturday, January 23, 2010

Colonial Spanish Mustangs / Law would make breed NC state horse

Colonial Spanish Mustangs / Law would make breed NC state horse
By Toby Tate
Staff Writer
Friday, January 22, 2010

CURRITUCK — Standing before an audience of more than 500 at Shawboro Elementary School on Friday, second-grader Catherine Simila declaredwhy she thinks the Colonial Spanish Mustang should be North Carolina’s state horse.

“These horses have survived the most violent weather, sand, heat and even sun,” she said. “Because of their toughness and iron will, there is no other horse to represent our strong state of North Carolina.”

About 20 state and local officials attended the State Horse Letter Writing Campaign Presentation. The purpose is to urge state leaders to draft legislation to make the Wild Spanish Mustangs of Currituck, Dare and Carteret counties the official state horse.

So far Currituck has amassed about 1,000 letters since the campaign began in June of last year, according to school officials. The letters are part of a state-mandated letterwriting campaign for all fourth-graders in Currituck County, though any student could participate.

Fourth-grader Sarah McClellan gave a brief history of the horses and why they are disappearing.

“The Spanish breed came to the Outer Banks from a Spanish ship that crashed in a big storm before there were any lighthouses,” she said. “About 37 horses got murdered by cars. I really wish for you to select the Colonial Spanish Mustangs as North Carolina’s state horse because they have been through a lot.”

State Rep. Tim Spear, D-Washington, said he was there to pledge his support for the bill’s introduction.

Also pledging support in letters that were read during the assembly were U.S. Rep. Walter Jones, R-N.C., and Democratic Gov. Bev Perdue.

State Rep. Bill Owens, D-Pasquotank, said that instead of introducing a separate bill, Rep. Bob England, D-Ellenboro, is allowing legislators to amend his bill, House Bill 1251, which designates June as Cancer Screening Awareness Month.

“We got permission from him to use his bill and we’ve already got it drafted and ready to go,” he said.

Currituck County Commissioner Barry Nelms said the idea is excellent not only for Currituck, but for the entire region.

“The horses from day one have been a major draw and tourism is the mainstay and probably always will be for Currituck, Dare and Pasquotank Counties and the entire region,” Nelms said.

Currituck School Board Chairwoman Pat Stretar agreed.

“I think (the Spanish Mustang) should be our state horse,” she said. “I’m absolutely for it. I think (the entire school board) is.”

Karen McAlpin, executive director of the Wild Horse Fund, who helped organize the assembly, said the letter-writing has snowballed into a much larger project encompassing other counties.

“This is a huge step for the wild horses and they’ll finally get the honor and recognition that they deserve,” she said. “They’re part of our history and culture, not just in Currituck County or the Outer Banks, but they’re part of American History and they’re disappearing.

They’re everybody’s horses, not just our county’s.”

There are currently about 100 wild horses living in a 12,000-acre parcel of land in Corolla, contained between to sound-to-sea fences, according to the Wild Horse Fund Web site.

The state horse designation does not entitle the horses to federal protection, however, according to Owens, who said that Sen. Richard Burr, R-NC, may try to introduce legislation to do so.

Also attending Friday’s assembly was a representative of Sen. Marc Basnight, D-Dare.

Contact Toby Tate at

BLMs' Assaults Continue

BLM is still in the process of capturing 2,500 horses from Nevada's Calico Mountains; so far, 9 horses have died, including a foal who had to be euthanized after suffering severe damage to his hooves, presumably as a result of being chased by a helicopter for miles over volcanic rocks. BLM is also reporting that 20 to 25 horses have been injured. These numbers are a good indication of the amount of stress suffered by all the horses currently being rounded up.

Ignoring nationwide protests, the federal government continues its all-out assault on America?s wild horses, with two additional massive roundups in the works. When combined with the Calico roundup, the number of horses targeted for removal in Nevada exceeds 4,200! Comments for both new roundups are due by January 27.

Eagle Herd Management Area
BLM plans to remove 550 horses, leaving just 100 horses on 675,000 acres (almost the size of Rhode Island), or less than one horse per 6,000 acres! Livestock grazing in this HMA is extensive, and the number of cattle and sheep allowed across the 675,000 acres dwarfs the number of wild horses.

Please send your comments to:
BLM Ely District Office
attn.: Mary D'aversa
HC 33 PO Box 33500
Ely, NV 89301

Antelope Herd Management Area
BLM is seeking public comments on the proposed removal of 1,200 horses from the Antelope Complex in Northeastern Nevada.

Please send your comments to:
BLM Wells Field Office
attn.: Wells Field Office Manager
3900 Idaho Street
Elko, NV 89801
No email address is provided, but you can call Bruce Thompson at 775-753-0286.

Join us in protesting this egregious mismanagement of America's last remaining wild horses and gross waste of tax-dollars.

- Write Department of Interior Secretary Ken Salazar and President Barack Obama. Ask them to call for a moratorium on roundups and implementation of in-the-wild management, in keeping with the intent of the Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act.

Secretary Salazar
1849 C Street NW
Washington, DC 20240

President Obama
1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20500

- Upcoming protests:
Phoenix, AZ, Saturday Jan. 30, 11:00 am to 1:00 pm at the BLM office
One North Central, Suite 800

Boulder, CO, Saturday Jan. 30, 1:00 pm to 4:00 pm
Downtown, at the corner of Broadway and Canyon

On behalf of the horses, thank you for your support,

The AWHPC Team
American Wild Horse Preservation Campaign
Click here to join our email list and receive the latest updates.

3 Strikes Update

Meduna found guilty; but what about the Others?

January 20, 2010

Commentary by: R.T. Fitch, author of “Straight from the Horse’s Heart“

HOUSTON (SFHH) – It’s not very often that out there amongst all the troubled waters of bad news a small blurb of good news and triumph bobs about and is visible to those who are searching for it. There was just such a little victory that rose to the surface, last week. Long awaited justice was served and a very, bad man was found guilty and will be held accountable to pay the price; that man is Jason Maduna.

The horses won a victory last week and they win so very few. Meduna, a cruel and inept keeper of the lives of over 200 formerly wild mustangs was found guilty of 145 class 4 felony animal abandonment and cruel animal neglect charges resulting in injury or death to the very horses he purported to love and train.

The piles of dead horses on his property were sickening, the whitened bones laying in the fields were straight out of a horror novel and finally justice was served with sentencing coming next month.

So Meduna is going to pay the price; it’s been a long time coming and a lot of human blood has been shed along with the horse’s in bringing this murderer to justice, but there still begs a very important question, something murky and foggy just outside the ability to focus upon; What about the others?

Meduna did not act alone he had not only his wife but a support group of people who slowly watched these horse’s once healthy bodies begin to eat themselves from the inside out and eventually die. Where are all of these people now?

We know where all the good people are. We know of the professional rescue groups and volunteers who heeded the call and came to help. We heard the testimony of shocked owners who thought their mustangs were living out their lives as close to wild as they could. We have all seen the rehabbed and healthy survivors go to either new homes or quality sanctuaries where their bodies can recover although their minds and souls may never heal. We know where all of these good folks are.

But where is that coven of “Jason Worshipers” who clawed and cried that the horses would be okay if left on the ranch if only Jason would be given a chance? Where are all of the members of Jason’s group who rallied around him as the bodies were being buried and said that it was not his fault and that the neighbors were poisoning the horses? Where are the half-baked “Wild Horse” experts who said that the horses had some strange, equine disease and that the rescuers would spread the illness across the U.S.? Where is Jason’s wife who watched the horses die a horrible death? Where are all of these co-conspirators and why did they not rush to his aide at his trial? Probably, no good press to be had. (It’s all about egos, you know.)

Meduna’s wife, Anissa, was fined, shortly after Meduna’s arrest, $325 for treating an adopted wild horse inhumanely.

“ Whoopee”. She lived right on the property and she didn’t have a clue that 70 wild horses and burros were dead and all the rest dying? Someone had to help Meduna stack the bodies. Why does she get off the hook and move on to damage more animals?

What about the members of Meduna’s group who backed him in this deadly project. Some jumped up and down and impaired the ability of rescue operations while others quietly tiptoed away, hoping that no one would notice. Several of these individuals ranted and raved for months before disappearing off into the shadows, but why were they not held accountable? Why did they not pay the price?

Where was the supportive testimony of good buddy, self-proclaimed wild horse expert, Ray Fields. Fields immediately came to Meduna’s aid and when the “poison” theory fell flat Fields concocted the “‘mysterious illness” lie which to this very day, he flashes about on his website. While Meduna was in trial, Fields hid under a rock and threw pebbles at the good folks telling them that it was the fault of the BLM, HSUS and professional rescues for causing all of the problems. To this day, ole Fields is tempting a law suit with such ridicules accusations. But where was he, besides hiding, doesn’t he deserve to take a sound thrashing for promoting the death and mistreatment of these wild horses?

And how about the biggest Boggy Man under the bed, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM)? If not for their continued, unjustified decimation of our wild horse herds the horses would have never been in this prison hellhole in the first place. Why are their policies and procedures not under scrutiny? Why are they not being prosecuted for failure to inspect/perform and where were they after all of this broke open? Should they have not taken a lead role as it was their program that had failed? Why was it left up to volunteers to do all of the work, to take all of the financial risk and pay all the bills? They created the problems so why were they allowed to turn their collective backs and shrug off accountability, again?

I don’t know about you, but I am pleased as punch to know that the horses finally won one and that the cries from across the bridge were heard by an astute jury. But somewhere, somehow there is still that nagging concern and feeling of frustration that the entire issue was not confronted and by not being resolved and made right, there will be other horses to suffer at the hands of those who got away and slipped off into the darkness.

Although the horses won a victory; it appears that there are a lot more questions left unanswered than answered surrounding the case of 3-Strikes Ranch, Jason Meduna and the wild mustangs that died while others watched. In hindsight, it makes my blood run cold.